Packaging is the technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution,
storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of designing, evaluating,
and producing packages. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing
goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains,
protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. In many countries it is fully
integrated into government, business, institutional, industrial, and personal use.
Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.
The earliest examples include Cylinder seals and other objects such as the Cyrus
Cylinder and the Cylinders of Nabonidus. The earliest known form of woodblock printing
came from China dating to before 220 A.D. Later developments in printing include
the movable type, first developed by Bi Sheng in China. Johannes Gutenberg introduced
mechanical movable type printing to Europe in the 15th century.